The Dutch Media Authority, called Commissariaat voor de Media (CvdM), upholds the rules which are formulated in the Dutch Media Act as well as in the regulations based on this act, for example the Media Decree.
The CvdM is responsible for audiovisual content and distribution matters. It grants licences to broadcasters, registers VOD services and systematically monitors compliance with the rules on quotas, advertising and protection of minors. The CvdM supervises:
- the three main public broadcasting (PSB) TV channels
- several thematic PSB TV channels
- approximately 300 local PSB TV channels
- almost 250 commercial licensed TV programs (including around 10 main national private channels, many satellite channels and text TV services)
- providers of VOD services
- radio channels (both PSB and private service providers)
- secondary activities of PSB.
The CvdM can issue warnings, impose fines and suspend or revoke a licence. If a sanction decision is not complied with, the CvdM can impose additional penalties.
Staffing and funding
The CvdM has a staff of about 50 full time equivalents. About three quarters of the budget comes from state funding and one quarter from surveillance fees paid by market players. Money from fines is transferred to the state budget, but has to be used for purposes of media policy (in the widest sense).
In the Board of Commissioners are Prof. dr. Madeleine de Cock Buning, drs. Eric Eljon and Jan Buné.
Prof. Dr. Madeleine de Cock Buning is Chair of the European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Services (ERGA) in 2017. Mr. Damir Hajduk (deputy Chair of the Croation agency AEM) and Dr. Luboš Kukliš (Executive Director at the Slovak Council for Broadcasting and Retransmission) are the Vice-Chairs of ERGA.
Officially, ERGA was established by a decision of the European Commission of 3 February 2014. ERGA is composed of the 28 heads or high level representatives of independent audiovisual media authorities in the EU Member States. ERGA also allows for the participation of observers like Norway, Liechtenstein and the EPRA who attended the first meeting. The first chair and vice-chairs are elected up until the end of the ERGA’s working plan in 2015 and from that moment on, the chair and the vice-chairs will be elected for a period of 12 months.
ERGA comes at the right moment since the audiovisual landscape is changing rapidly now content is increasingly created, distributed and consumed over different platforms and crossing national borders. Especially the creation, distribution and consumption of audiovisual content online poses many new regulatory challenges. Therefore ERGA aims to encourage more coordination of activities and regular cooperation between the independent regulatory bodies of Member States and between them and the Commission. In practice ERGA will seek to advise and assist the Commission in its work to enable a consistent implementation of the AVMSD and other related fields. It will facilitate cooperation between regulatory bodies in the EU, and will also allow for an exchange of experiences and best practice models.
ERGA Report on territorial jurisdiction in a converged environment_ 17 May 2016
ERGA Report on material jurisdiction in a converged environment_18 Dec 2015
ERGA Report on the independence of National Regulatory Authorities_15 Dec 2015
ERGA Report on the Protection of Minors in a converged environment_27 Nov 2015
ERGA Statement on alarming developments for the independent and effective functioning of media regulators in Europe_8 April 2016
ERGA Statement on the necessity of independent media_11 Jan 2016
ERGA Statement on the independence of NRAs in the audiovisual sector_October 2014
These country reports have been compiled for the occasion of meetings of the EPRA (European Platform of Regulatory Authorities). Please note that since these meetings are taking place since mid 90’s information in these reports will not always be accurate and up to date due to amendments of media legislation or other developments)